In Europe, and in response to the financial crisis, the European Union (EU) has pursued a number of initiatives that are designed to create a safer financial sector for the single market. These various initiatives form a single rulebook for all financial markets across the EU members states. They include stronger prudential requirements for banks, improved protection for depositors and rules for managing failing banks.
This single rulebook is the foundation for the EU’s banking union and shapes the future direction of prudential regulation across the single market. The adoption of the single rulebook is also the principal mechanism for the EU to implement the Basel capital regime initiatives that set global standards around minimum capital standards for prudentially regulated entities.